Australian Women's Register

An initiative of The National Foundation for Australian Women (NFAW) in conjunction with The University of Melbourne

Skip to content
  • Click to view this Image

    Gould, Frater and Bligh, c. 1902, courtesy of Australian War Memorial.
    Details

Exhibitions

  • Faith, Hope and Charity Australian Women and Imperial Honours: 1901-1989
  • Where are the Women in Australian science?

Use Trove to find more resources by/about this Woman

  • Trove

Gould, Ellen Julia (Nellie) (1860 - 1941)

RRC

Born
29 March 1860
Aberystruth, Monmouthshire, Wales
Died
19 July 1941
Neutral Bay, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Nurse

Summary

Appointed lady superintendent of the New South Wales Army Nursing Service Reserve (NSWANSR), Nellie Gould left Australia on 17 January 1900 with thirteen nursing sisters to serve in the Boer War as part of the British Army. The nursing contingent returned to Australia in 1902.

On 27th September 1914 Nellie Gould enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and served in Egypt, caring for Gallipoli casualties, followed by service in France and then England. She returned to Australia in January 1919 and was discharged on 3 March. She was unfit to take up nursing duties again and from 1920 she received a war service pension.

In 1916 Nellie Gould was awarded the Royal Red Cross Medal (1st class) for her war work.

Details

Nellie Gould was born to Henry and Sarah (nee Baker) in Wales, her mother died when Nellie was 18 months old. When she was four the family moved to Portugal where she received her early education. Later the family returned to England and Nellie attended Mildmay Park College. She was a teacher and governess before moving to Sydney in 1884.

On 19 January 1885, Nellie commenced a two-year nurses training course at the Royal Alfred Hospital, Sydney. She stayed on at the hospital for two years after finishing the course. Nellie was then appointed matron of St Kilda Private Hospital at Woolloomooloo and in 1891 she became matron and superintendent of the training school of Sydney Hospital. She resigned in October 1898 to join the New South Wales Public Health Department and was matron of the Hospital for the Insane at Rydalmere in 1898-1900.

In February 1899 Matron Nellie Gould was asked to help form an Army Nursing Service Reserve attached to the New South Wales Army Medical Corps. On 26 May the nurses were sworn in and Nellie Gould was appointed lady superintendent. In charge of 13 nursing sisters, Nellie Gould left in the Moravian for the South African War (Boer War) on 17 January 1900. She returned to Australia in August 1902.

Upon their return, Nellie Gould and her friend Sister Julia Bligh Johnston opened Ermelo Private Hospital at Newtown, Sydney. She also organized the Army Nursing Service Reserve in New South Wales and was appointed principal matron of the 2nd Military District. After Ermelo was sold in 1912, both Nellie Gould and Julia Johnston joined the Public Health Department.

On 27 September 1914 Nellie Gould enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and served in Egypt, caring for Gallipoli casualties, followed by service in France and then England. She returned to Australia in January 1919 and was discharged on 3 March. She was unfit to take up nursing duties again and from 1920 she received a war service pension.

Nellie Gould was involved in founding the Australasian Trained Nurses' Association (ATNA) and was a council member from 1899 until her retirement in 1921. She also initiated the publishing of the ATNA journal in 1903 and served on the editorial committee.

Nellie Gould died at Neutral Bay on 19 July 1941.

Sources used to compile this entry: Arnold, John and Morris, Deirdre (eds), Monash Biographical Dictionary of 20th Century Australia, Reed Reference Publishing, Port Melbourne (Vic.), 1994, 568 pp; Bassett, Jan, Guns and brooches : Australian Army Nursing from the Boer War to the Gulf War, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1992, 261 pp; McCarthy, Perditta M., 'Gould, Ellen Julia (Nellie) (1860 - 1941)', in Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, Australian National University, 2006, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090061b.htm.

Related entries

Archival resources

Australian War Memorial Research Centre

  • Informal portrait of three nurses who accompanied the Second Contingent to the Boer War as members of the NSW Army Medical Corps., c. 1902, A03962; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • [Nurses Narratives] Principal Matron Ellen Julia Gould, 1919 - 1933, AWM41; Gould, Ellen Julia (Nellie) (1860 - 1941); Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • [Nursing Services:] Notes on Australian nursing sisters in the history of the Australian Army Nursing Service, by Matron Ellen J Gould RRC, c. 1926, AWM27; Gould, Ellen Julia (Nellie) (1860 - 1941); Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Principal Matron Ellen Julia Gould, 1919 - 1933, AWM41; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details

National Archives of Australia, National Office

  • Gould Ellen Julia, c. 1914 - c. 1920, B2455/1; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details

National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office

  • Nominal rolls and lists of medals and clasps for New South Wales Military Forces who served in Boer War., 1899 - 1907, Series B5204; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details

Digital resources

Title
Gould, Frater and Bligh
Type
Image
Date
c. 1902
Control
A03962
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Anne Heywood

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

© Copyright in The Australian Women's Register is owned by the Australian Women's Archives Project
and vested in each of the authors in respect of their contributions from 2000

http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE0397b.htm

The Australian Women's Register is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia License

The Australian Women's Register is published quarterly by the Australian Women's Archives Project
ISSN 2207-3124