Australian Women's Register

An initiative of The National Foundation for Australian Women (NFAW) in conjunction with The University of Melbourne

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    The Australian Hockeyroos celebrate their 1-10 win over India in the women's hockey gold medal match, Commonwealth Games, Melbourne 2006, Day 10, 25 March 2006, courtesy of Australian Sports Commission.
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Hockey (c. 1900 - )

From
c. 1900
Occupations
Sport
Website
http://www.hockey.org.au

Summary

The game of hockey was brought to Australia by British Naval officers stationed around the country in the late 1800s. By 1900, according to Hockey Australia, the game was being played in private girls' schools. Being a non-contact team sport, it was considered ideal for women. The first women's hockey association was formed in New South Wales in 1908. Two years later, women's clubs from Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia were competing alongside clubs from New South Wales at an interstate tournament at Rushcutter's Bay, and from this tournament came the establishment of the Australian Women's Hockey Association in July 1910 - fifteen years before the Australian Hockey Association (AHA) was formed in 1925. State hockey associations for men had been formed in South Australia, 1903; Victoria and New South Wales, 1906; Western Australia, 1908; and Queensland, 1920s. This division in the administration of men's and women's hockey continued in subsequent years. The Australian Women's Hockey Association affiliated with the All England Women's Hockey Association, and joined the International Federation of Women's Hockey (IFWH) in 1927.

Details

The first All Australian women's hockey team was selected in 1914 and played against England. Max Solling writes:

The dress and behaviour of women playing the game were strictly controlled. They were required to wear long skirts, starched blouses, ties, and stockings, and no player was to be seen on the street in her uniform unless covered by a long buttoned overcoat.

In 1930, three years after a crushing defeat by the English women's team on home soil, the Australian women's team embarked upon its first overseas tour, visiting England, South Africa, Rhodesia, Belgium, Germany, Holland and France. International competition continued when the IFWH organised the first World Women's Hockey Tournament in 1933, though Australia did not participate until 1936. Australian hockey teams were entered in the Olympics for the first time at the 1956 Games in Melbourne. In recent years, Australian women's hockey teams have enjoyed tremendous success at the Olympic level, winning gold at the Seoul Games in 1988; the Atlanta Games in 1996; and the Sydney Games in 2000.

The game of hockey continues to be popular today. Solling notes the dominance of Western Australia in competitive hockey post-war, particularly women's hockey, with Western Australian women's teams winning the national title thirty-eight times between 1946 and 1990. By the late 1990s, an estimated 200,000 women and girls were playing hockey across Australia.

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Digital resources

Title
May Campbell, Australian Field hockey player
Type
Image
Date
c. 1940
Source
Mitchell, Glenn (1998). Pursuing Excellence. Women's Sports Foundation of Western Australia (Inc),.

Details

Title
Rovers vs Magpies
Type
Image
Date
1980
Place
Alice Springs, Northern Territory
Source
National Archives of Australia

Details

Title
Picture of Rechelle Hawkes
Type
Image
Date
c. 2000

Details

See also

Title
Champions Trophy 1999 Rechelle Hawkes AIS women
Type
Image
Date
June 1999
Place
Brisbane, Queensland
Source
Australian Sports Commission

Details

Title
The Australian Hockeyroos celebrate their 1-10 win over India in the women's hockey gold medal match, Commonwealth Games, Melbourne 2006, Day 10
Type
Image
Date
25 March 2006
Place
Melbourne
Source
Australian Sports Commission

Details

Barbara Lemon

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

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ISSN 2207-3124