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Miller, Olga Eunice (1920 - 2003)

27 March 1920
Maryborough, Queensland, Australia
August 2003
Maryborough, Queensland, Australia
Aboriginal writer, Community worker, Environmentalist, Illustrator and Storyteller
Alternative Names
  • "Aunty Olga"
  • Wandi (wild duck)


Olga Miller was a direct descendant and Elder of the Butchulla people of Fraser Island. She was an Aboriginal historian who wrote about and taught Aboriginal culture for over 40 years.

The entry was written in consultation with family members.


Olga was the youngest of seven children. Her father was a full blood Aborigine of the Butchulla people of Fraser Island and her grandfather, Willie Wondunna, was head of the Butchulla people. She spent her early life on Fraser Island but the family eventually moved to Maryborough for their children's education.

The Legends of Moonie Jarl (1964) was written by Olga's brother, Wilfred Reeves, while Olga was responsible for the illustrations in the book. Olga's other works include , Fraser Island Legends (1993), How the Water Got to the Plains (1997), Strings and Things from Long Ago and The Legend of Mount Bauple (2000). She published articles for school text books, wrote stories for animated films (Tree Duck, Butterfly, How the Water Got to the Plains, Why the Kookaburra Laughs) and wrote newspaper columns for the Maryborough Chronicle. Her work also included the Wide Bay Television presentations Legends of Our Land and Spotlight and presentations on Radio Maryborough (Legends of Our Land and This was our Town).

"Aunty" Olga effectively established herself as a one woman lobby group for the well-being of Fraser Island. Politicians, developers, tourism operators and the National Parks and Wildlife Service all consulted her before doing anything which affected the Island's environment. She sat on boards and committees and kept a sharp eye on everything that happened there. She interpreted her protective role not in terms of possession but as a duty of care, a promise she had to keep to her grandfather and her people.

Olga's chief concern was to establish more protection for Fraser Island by enforcing the rules about access to vulnerable or forbidden places, speed limits and environmental damage. She saw the need to preserve the middens and other significant relics from the destructive consequences of mass tourism. Her wish and her challenge were to share the extraordinary beauty of the island with the world without changing its fragile face.

The University of Southern Queensland (Fraser Coast Campus) established the Olga Miller Memorial book bursary in memory of Auntie Olga Miller. At least three bursaries are awarded annually and are available to Indigenous undergraduate students from the Fraser Coast Campus. Two bursaries are awarded to undergraduate students and one bursary is awarded to a Tertiary Preparation Program (TPP) or Indigenous Higher Education Pathways Program (IHEPP) student. At the end of 2008, the Olga Miller memorial garden was developed in the immediate surrounds of the newly constructed C block, at the Fraser Coast campus of the University of Southern Queensland.

The entry was written in consultation with family members.

Sources used to compile this entry: Maryborough City Council, Recognition for Maryborough's Achievers, Maryborough, 2000; Snow-McLean, Gus, Author elder awarded honorary degree, USQ News, University of Southern Queensland, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 2003,

Archival resources

National Archives of Australia, National Office, Canberra

  • [Descendants of the Butchulla tribe (Mrs Olga Miller)], 15 September 1975 - 30 September 1975, Series A3910; Control Symbol: A144; Item Barcode 30058666; National Archives of Australia; National Archives of Australia, National Office, Canberra. Details
  • Olga Miller, September 1975 - October 1975, Series A10962; Control Symbol 71; Item Barcode 3223858; National Archives of Australia, National Office, Canberra. Details

Lee Butterworth

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

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